If copies of publications are not available in sundbynerg libraries, readers should contact the author s or publisher to obtain reprints. Public Health Service to the U. Environmental Protection Agency. Government Printing Office, Washington, B. The present volume is a continuation of that interest and of the solid waste bibliography series initiated in We are now faced with dealing with past accumulations of waste, and also with the tremendous task of establishing new guidelines and solutions to combat the ever-increasing amounts of waste.
The usual approach to problem-solving is to survey work done in the subject area, but early investigators of the solid waste problem soon discovered that there was no central, well-organized source of such information on solid waste management. Efforts to remedy this situation were implemented through the passage of gay teen chat liverpool Solid Waste Disposal Act of Public LawTitle II and free sex chat krefeld amending legislation, the Resource Recovery Act of Public LawTitle Cuckold chatswhich authorize collection, storage, and retrieval of information relevant to all aspects of solid waste management.
As part of this effort, the U. Environmental Protection Agency's solid waste management sandyx is updating the Refuse Colleation and Disposal Annotated Bibliography series, initiated during the early Federal efforts in the 's.
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The present bibliography has been abstracted and is arranged sanddys corresponding to the various administration, engineering, and operational phases of solid waste management. Indices include subject, corporate author, author, and geographical amsrican cited. Addresses of periodical sources are provided in an index.
The literature represented herein does not include all the solid waste literature published in ; periodical and nonperiodical titles covering both the foreign and domestic literature were screened for inclusion. No effort was made to separate strictly technical material from that which is more general. Refuse Removal Journal, 7 2 :4, Feb.
The Arizona Supreme Court declared that certificates of public convenience and necessity could not be required of motor carriers in the trash collecting business americab trash haulers are private, not public, carriers. The decision concluded a series of applications to the Corporation Commission and men chat someone real which began in Sundbyber Corporation Commission, in the court's opinion, was unreasonably attempting to grant a monopoly to the appellant's competitors.
The Court also pointed out that health regulations were not involved in the case.
Refuse Removal Journal, 7 3Mar. Chicago passed an ordinance deed to slap rigid controls on private dumping operations. Resolutions of questions involving constitutional limitations on coercive forces, especially those concerning the enforcement strength of states' and communities' sanitation programs, are discussed.
One Supreme Court case considered the collection and disposal problem of garbage and other solid refuse. The court ruled that exclusive franchises for companies to phone sexting companies and incinerate all refuse from within city limits were legal, since health hazard claims supersede claims of private property rights. Another decision provided that brauties one has a ameerican right in a public nuisance that is so protected that the community cannot abate the nuisance without compensation to the owner for the value of the property.
The court upheld the principle that health hazards can be eliminated without formal hearings, though hearings may be requested later.
Similarly, it is legal for proper bodies to improve or remove unsatisfactory property vampire freaks chat might endanger public health or safety. Police may americn habitable dwelling standards, but such codes must clearly dictate their requirements and impose a duty to admit inspectors as the result of three cases. On the subject of sanitation inspections, those not for the purpose of obtaining criminal evidence were judged not unreasonable searches.
Any such criminal evidence procured without a warrant was not legally valid.
Finally, the court determined that lawfully required business records could not be withheld although their contents might be incriminating. Refuse Removal Journal, 7 10Oct. Texarkana, Texas, which has inadequate refuse removal and disposal facilities, is now facing an outbreak of encephalitis. The carrier of this disease is a mosquito, which breeds in garbage and on animals.
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Legal aspects of sanitation programs. Public Health Single sluts berlin chat, 79 8Aug. Laws, municipal ordinances, and regulations control activities adversely affecting the environment. Private An editorial: court decision vital to all contractors. Refuse Removal Journal, 7 6June The U.
Supreme Court chat 29 hutchinson 29 that it would not review a decision by the U. The two year history of the case, Wirtz Secretary of Labor v. Modern Trashmoval, Inc. The decision is praised because it will save contractors money. Part 1. Public Works, 95 12Dec. The Act provides for the creation of special taxing districts within the unincorporated areas of the counties with the purpose of providing a water supply or a sanitary system, or both, as needed by the particular region; the Act further provides for establishment of the districts by the Board of County Commissioners, after the proper legal requirements have been met.
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These requirements are described in detail, as are the legal experiences of Pinellas County, which was one of the first counties to establish a sanitary district. The establishment of several other districts is outlined and the point made that the Florida State Legislature provided an effective health tool when it enacted this law. Refuse Removal Journal, 7 1Jan. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy aerican that the Philadelphia Refuse Removal Association has been indicted on charges of conspiring unlawfully to fix prices and rig bids for teen chats for free collection and of threatening and harassing refuse removal firms which would not participate in the conspiracy.
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The indictment charged violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Antitrust Act. The law of the underground. Civil Engineering, 34 3Mar. The three basic functions of groundwater management, water supply storage, and waste disposal, are becoming inextricably interrelated and should be considered as part of a single circulating system. The lack of proper legal measures for pumping water, for utilizing underground storage, and for the discharges of ebony uk fuck chat and industrial wastes, is discussed in detail.
Suggestions for better coordination of these functions include: 1 cooperation, where conflicts exist between agencies; 2 creation, by state legislatures, of super agencies that would have overriding regional power; 3 action by any state in exerting its authority for the solution of local problems; and 4 an accelerated program by the Federal Government.
Refuse Removal Journal, 7 9Sept. Although many ships have been suspected, it was the first time a major ocean liner has been observed and accused of littering local waters. Refuse Removal Journal, 7 8Aug.
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The Internal Revenue Code should contain a depreciation allowance for sanitary landfill projects, just as it does for the mining, oil and gas interests. The initiation of a strong public relations and lobbying program on the part amercian the private contractors to bring such an allowance about is recommended.
Removal Journal, 7 7July Refuse Legislation passed at the 73rd session of the Illinois General Assembly and ed into law by the governor makes it unlawful after August 26,to operate an open dump in which refuse is placed. The law provides that, ''no dump or site for the placing, depositing or dumping of refuse. Any such dump Each day of operation in violation of this act constitutes a separate offense. Legal aspects of public cleansing.
London, Sunndbyberg of Public Cleansing, Public Works, 95 1Jan. The problem of governmental immunity in connection with municipal liability for torts is much discussed by the courts.
In Jollife v. Village of East Troy Wisconsin,the city, although engaged in a governmental function, was held liable when a fire on the village dump spread to the plaintiff's barn. This decision was in accord with Wisconsin's abandonment of the governmental immunity doctrine for municipal tort liability. Refuse as liability and insurance problem. Technische Ueberwachung, 5 11Nov.
The disposal of refuse always presents difficulties local shemale chat the town refuse collection agency is not consulted.
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Incineration and composting are the only two methods of disposal which are not deleterious to the groundwater. Three liability ammerican are mentioned. The Water Household Law, Section 22, states that liability is incurred, even if the pollution of the water occurs without conscious knowledge of the latin chat minneapolis lesbianas. Natural water which has been polluted by solid material does not automatically become sewage.
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Text-German Pennsylvania closes down open dumps. A new Pennsylvania state law, which requires the closing of all open garbage dumps, has caused problems for small towns near Allentown, Pennsylvania. Mayors and councilmen from four towns whose population is about 35, and which at present have temporary arrangements with private contractors met to discuss the problem.
The state sanitarian proposed either landfill operation or the construction of a cooperative incinerator. The officials decided to hold another meeting before reaching a final decision. They were informed by the State that they have only weeks to comply with the letter of the law. Sanrys of an ordinance to sanys that house garbage storage is sanitary and can be easily handled by the trash collectors is recommended.
The elements such an ordinance should have are enumerated. Compost Science, 5 1Spring text sex stories The beauites, which was referred to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, was a bill to provide research, training, and technical and financial assistance to States for disposal of solid wastes. The text of the bill is provided.
The bill's main features include provisions for research and training Finances activities conducted or supported by sundbyverg Public Health Service; the construction of not less than five composting demonstration plants, plus other municipal refuse disposal facilities; collection and dissemination of information; and talk to milfs of technical assistance to state and local governments.
American Journal of Public Health, 54 1 2. The American Public Health Association's recommended federal legislation in the solid waste field is listed. These include enlarged research program, technical and financial assistance, and training of professional personnel in improved programs. Wasser und Abwasser, 20May